It is the right time to get familiar with the most popular programming languages in 2024 and stay ahead in your web development career.

It’s no surprise that the software development industry is packed with hundreds of programming languages. It allows web developers to experiment with different programming languages for their website and app development projects. Undoubtedly, programming languages play a crucial role in developing websites and mobile apps and are considered as the building blocks of development.  

No matter the type of development project you are working on, web development, single page website, SaaS product, mobile app development or game app, choosing the best programming language for your project is the key to success.

From handling user input to processing data and interacting with databases, programming languages can enable developers to write the code and make the website functional. With the right programming language, you can successfully create an intuitive digital product.  

If you want to advance your web development career, polish your coding skills or work for a reputable web development company in Dubai, mastering programming languages is a sensible approach.

Web development languages are versatile enough, helping developers to fulfill the technical needs of their projects. A programming language, if used right can have a direct impact on the functionality and performance of your website or application.

Furthermore, the emerging AI development trend has opened doors for many new programming languages and frameworks. Choosing the right programming language for your development project is crucial.  Check out the best programming languages for web development in 2024, so that you can make the right choice for your next project.

Programming Languages for Web Development In 2024

  1.   Python
  2.   PHP
  3.   Java
  4.   C#
  5.   JavaScript
  6.   HTML/CSS
  7.   Typescript
  8.   Objective C
  9.   C++
  10.   SQL
  11.   Ruby Rails
  12.   Kotlin
  13.   Swift
  14.   Golang
  15.   Scala

Best Programming Languages for Web Development in 2024

1.  Python

Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language, also known as batteries. The programming language is versatile enough and widely used across multiple domains. The famous programming language is known for its simplicity, readability, and ease of use. It can support multiple programming models, such as structured, object-oriented and functional programming.

From developing websites to data science, machine learning and system computing projects, Python can be used for fulfilling different development needs of the development team. Most of all, Python has a comprehensive library for developers.

Key Features:  

  •         Easy to learn
  •         Readable and expressive syntax
  •         Standard library
  •         Interpreted language
  •         Free and open source
  •         Dynamically typed
  •         Cross-platform compatibility
  •         Active community of developers
  •         Versatility

Simplicity, readability, and extensive library support are a few reasons why developers use Python for web development. It is a good choice for both beginners and experienced developers, helping them to complete simple scripts and complex enterprise applications.


2.  PHP

PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is one of the most popular programming languages, commonly used by web development agencies and tech companies for building high-traffic websites. It is an efficient server-side scripting language that is considered as the best alternative to Microsoft’s ASP. Many professional development teams use it for building dynamic and interactive websites.

One of the main reasons why developers prefer PHP over other programming languages is it can access and manipulate the server’s resources, such as databases, files, and directories.

From web development to database management, application development and scription, PHP can fulfill all your development needs.

Key Features:

  •         Easy to learn
  •         Server-side scripting
  •         syntax is simple and straightforward
  •         free and open-source language
  •         Embedded in HTML
  •         Cross-platform compatibility
  •         Extensive documentation and community support
  •         Database interaction
  •         Large ecosystem of libraries, frameworks, and tools
  •         Scalability
  •         Advanced security features

The programming language is considered as a preferred choice for web development projects, especially focused on fast prototyping, simplicity, and compatibility with shared hosting environments.


3.  Java

Java is an object-oriented programming language, widely used for coding web apps. The language is based on strong object-oriented principles and can be used as a platform in itself. Java is a network-centric language and platform independent that can run on a wide variety of operating systems. Whether it’s enterprise software development, mobile app development, game development, big data applications, or server-side technologies, Java is a popular choice for completing complex development projects.  

Java is widely adopted across industries and used by a multitude of companies for various purposes. It has many learning sources, a rich ecosystem of inbuilt functions and libraries, and many debugging, testing and deployment tools.

Key Features:

  •         Object-oriented
  •         Platform-independent
  •         Secure language
  •         Reliable and consistent
  •         Extended with new features and functionality
  •         Java API, comprehensive standard library
  •         Multithreading support
  •         Massive and active developer community
  •         Backward compatibility
  •         Widely adopted across industries

Java is undoubtedly a versatile, easy to use and reliable language for a wide range of software development projects. You can use it for your AI development, blockchain mobile development and IoT development projects.


4.  C#

C# also known as C sharp is an object-oriented programming language that is popular for a number of reasons. The multi-paradigm language is used by developers for building Windows applications and a wide range of other software projects. C# is the most reliable programming language for gaming and can be applied to an open source platform.

It is a general-purpose, compiled language, allowing developers to write clean code and organize their code. It makes it easier for development teams to maintain and reuse code. C# is the best programming language for mobile apps, desktop apps, website development, enterprise applications and most importantly, games.

Key Features:

  •         Object-oriented
  •         Type safety
  •         Managed language
  •         Garbage-collected language
  •         Syntax similar to C/C++
  •         Cross-language interoperability
  •         .NET framework class library (FCL)
  •         Event-driven and asynchronous programming
  •         LINQ (Language-Integrated Query)
  •         Unified development platform
  •         Continuously evolving
  •         Multiplatform support

C# a programming language is a good choice for both experienced and new programmers, allowing them to spend less time on writing complicated code. It is easy to learn and maintain, remarkably scalable with a helpful community of developers.


5.  JavaScript

According to Stack Overflow’s 2022 Developer’s Survey, JavaScript, JS is one of the most popular languages among developers for the tenth consecutive year. JavaScript is a relatively easy to learn scripting language, especially for those who are already familiar with HTML and CSS. With a number of tutorials, courses, and code libraries, anyone can learn JavaScript.

JavaScript is a famous programming language that is considered as the core technology of the World Wide Web. Many developers use JavaScript to build dynamic websites and interactive applications. Due to its server-side scripting, you can implement many complex features on web pages and add dynamic interactions to games and servers. It can create many intuitive features such as menus, animated graphics and background colors to make your website user-friendly.

JavaScript has a number of frameworks and libraries that can simplify many complex projects. From web and mobile apps to web servers, server applications, game development and adding interactive features on websites, JavaScript can be used for different tasks.

Key Features:

  •         Dynamically typed language
  •         Client-side scripting
  •         Supports various data types
  •         Asynchronous programming
  •         Libraries and frameworks
  •         All modern web browsers support

Due to its simplicity, high speed, versatility and server load capacity, JavaScript is the most reliable programming to meet your web development needs



According to Statista, HTML/CSS is the second most used programming language among software developers all around the world. HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a markup language, exclusively designed for web pages to make them more interactive. It is a great choice for your web design company in Dubai as it can help designers and developers to structure headings, paragraphs, lists, and images.

While CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a sheet style language, commonly used to style web pages. It can describe the presentation of a markup language. With CSS, you can control different design elements of a website, such as layout, fonts, and colors.

HTML/CSS are considered as the basic programming languages that can be used together and separately for coding in web design. They serve as essential tools for front-end web developers to create attractive and functional user interfaces on the internet.

HTML and CSS, if worked together, can create appealing web pages with structured content and aesthetically pleasing designs. Web browsers use these languages to interpret and render web pages correctly for users to view and interact with.

Key Features:


  •         Markup language
  •         Create the structure and content of web pages
  •         Provides the hierarchy of a web page
  •         Includes semantic elements
  •         Allows the creation of hyperlinks
  •         Forms and input handling
  •         Multimedia support
  •         Cross-browser compatibility


  •         Styling and Layout of HTML documents
  •         Separation of content and presentations (HTML and CSS)
  •         Selectors and rules
  •         Cascading rules
  •         Create responsive designs by using media queries
  •         Animation and transitions
  •         Vendor prefixes


7.  Typescript

TypeScript is an object-oriented programming language that is solely built on JavaScript. Basically, it is a superset of JavaScript designed to give developers better tooling and run in any JavaScript environment. The programming language is a good choice for developing web applications, server-side applications, and mobile applications. It consists of three main components, language, the typescript compiler, and the typescript language service.

TypeScript can make JavaScript development easier by adding different features to JavaScript and making it easier to write and maintain large JavaScript applications. It has a strong static typing, can compile the code, highlight errors and support object-oriented programming concepts.

Key Features:

  •         Static typing
  •         Type safety to find and fix bugs
  •         Interfaces allow you to define the structure of data
  •         Modules for organizing code into logical units
  •         Support for enums to improve code readability
  •         Allows the use of decorators
  •         Supports generics to enable writing reusable functions
  •         Namespace and module support

TypeScript is a powerful tool for developers that can enhance their productivity and code quality. The programming language can support JavaScript libraries. It is widely used with modern front-end frameworks like Angular, and it is increasingly adopted in the back-end development space as well, especially with Node.js.


8.           Objective-C

Objective-C is a powerful and flexible language that is well-suited for developing complex applications, mainly iOS and macOS applications and iPad operating systems. It is also relatively easy to learn, especially for those who are already familiar with the C programming language. Basically, Objective-C is a general-purpose programming language that is an extension of C programming language.

Objective C is a dynamically typed language that can give you more flexibility to change the value of a variable. Many app development companies are looking for iOS developers and programmers who are well-versed for Objective C.  

Key Features:

  •         Powerful object-oriented features
  •         Allows you to mix and match C and Objective-C code
  •         Good choice for developing cross-platform applications
  •         Object-oriented
  •         Dynamic typing
  •         Message passing
  •         Runtime reflection
  •         Objective-C runtime
  •         Remains compatible with Swift
  •         Open source

Objective-C’s long history and extensive codebase has made it an essential part of Apple’s ecosystem.


9.  C++

C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in the world and is considered as an extension of the C programming language. The general-purpose, object-oriented programming language allows you to create complex and efficient applications.

C++ is widely used in the software industry and many famous applications such as Facebook, Amazon, Bloomberg are developed by it. Its versatility, performance, and ability to mix low-level and high-level programming make it suitable for a wide range of applications. With C++, you can develop a wide variety of applications, including operating systems, browsers, graphics, compilers, banking apps, databases, and games.

Key Features:

  •         Powerful object-oriented features
  •         Create high-performance applications
  •         Object-oriented programming
  •         Complex memory management system
  •         Larger standard library
  •         Access to memory and low-level features
  •         High level of performance and efficiency
  •         Direct access to memory
  •         Standard Template Library (STL)
  •         Supports multiple programming paradigms
  •         Platform independence
  •         Wide application domain
  •         Standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

C++ is a powerful and relevant language choice for many developers and projects. It is also relatively easy to learn, especially for those who have an in-depth knowledge of C programming language.


10.  SQL

SQL (Structured Query Language) language is a domain-specific language used for managing data-related tasks and communicating with databases. It is exclusively designed for database management and data querying tasks. The programming language is mainly used in web development, data analysis, business intelligence, banking applications, music applications and social media platforms.

SQL is considered as 4GL, fourth generation language and offers looping, variables, logic directives, and more. It is an easy to learn, declarative language that can enable you to store, retrieve and manipulate data in databases.

Key Features:

  •         Declarative language
  •         Data querying
  •         Powerful data manipulation
  •         Database language
  •         Transaction management

The database programming language is the must-have tool for developers that allows them to perform many complex data manipulation tasks. SQL is a flexible language that offers many database systems to manage data and automate a variety of tasks.


11.  Ruby

Ruby is a top popular programming language for web development in 2024, that is solely focused on boosting developer’s productivity. The dynamic programming language has an elegant syntax which is easy to read and write.

Ruby is a relatively easy language to learn compared to other programming languages. Many development teams prefer to use Ruby due to its expressiveness and readability. It is widely used in web development, desktop applications, scripting, automation, data processing services, web servers, and other domains. It is also a great choice for web scraping, crawling and building database-driven web applications.

Ruby gained significant popularity due to the Ruby on Rails, an open-source, web application framework that is especially designed for boosting developers’ productivity and happiness. Simplicity, elegance, and strong community support have made it a favorite choice among developers.

Key Features:

  •         Dynamically typed language
  •         Interpreted language
  •         Multi-paradigm programming language
  •         Ease of use
  •         Powerful features
  •         Large and active community
  •         Easy-to-read syntax
  •         Object-oriented
  •         Garbage collection
  •         Supports blocks and closures
  •         Meta-programming capabilities

Ruby is a popular language for web development; millions of high-traffic business and entertainment websites are written on Ruby on Rails. Many popular websites, such as Airbnb, GitHub, SoundCloud, Bloomberg, Twitter and Shopify are powered by Ruby.


12.  Kotlin

Kotlin is a popular programming language for web development in 2024. It is a concise, cross-platform programming language that is packed with many modern features. The language is supported by Google for Android app development and many famous tech companies also prefer to use Kotlin. Approximately 60% of Android developers use Kotlin as it ensures code safety and boosts productivity.

From startups to Fortune 500 companies, almost every company are using Kotlin for writing high quality apps. Kotlin is an open-source programming language that is interoperable with Java, which means that Java and Android code can work seamlessly with Kotlin.  

Key Features:

  •         Static typing
  •         Built-in null safety
  •         Interoperable with Java
  •         Type inference
  •         Lambda expressions
  •         Concise and expressive syntax
  •         Data classes
  •         Supports coroutines
  •         Smart casts and type checks
  •         Functional programming support
  •         Platform independence

Kotlin is now one of the most popular programming languages for Android development, and it is also used for a variety of other tasks, such as web development, server-side development, and data science.


13.  Swift

Swift is one of the most powerful programming languages for Apple and Linux development. It is considered a great alternative for Objective-C and is widely used for developing macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS applications.

Swift is an expressive language that has concise and expressive syntax. It has many modern features that make it fast and powerful. The high-performance compiler technology, code safety, package manager, Objective-C and C++ interoperability have made it a great choice for developers.

Key Features:

  •         Expressive language
  •         Modern syntax
  •         Type safety and memory safety
  •         Faster language than Objective-C
  •         Modern features
  •         Reusable and extensible code
  •         Type inference to reduce null pointer exceptions
  •         Automatic Reference Counting (ARC):
  •         Enhanced code reliability
  •         Optionals
  •         Supports closures
  •         Enumerations and Structs
  •         Supports generics to write reusable functions
  •         Interactive environment to experiment with code
  •         open-source language

Swift’s rapid adoption and ongoing development have made it a popular choice among iOS and macOS developers, as well as for server-side development using frameworks like Vapor. Code safety, high-performance, and readability are the most important qualities that have made it popular in the development industry.  


14.  Go or Golang

Golang, commonly known as Go, is a statically typed, open-source programming language that is super efficient, simple, and highly performant. It is a suitable choice for building various applications and environments.

From building web applications to data science, cloud and networking services, artificial intelligence, cloud-based applications and server-side applications, Go can be used for a wide range of applications. It is also used for building command-line tools, data science applications, and more.

Go is syntactically similar to C and is packed with many amazing features. Go is statically typed, which helps catch errors at compile-time and makes the code more robust. It has a concise and clear syntax, supports concurrent programming with goroutines, and includes a garbage collector for memory management.

Key Features:

  •         Easy to learn
  •         Good for beginners
  •         Fast and efficient
  •         Concurrent and scalable
  •         Large and active community
  •         Supported by Google

The active community, growing ecosystem, built-in support for concurring programs, and excellent performance have made it a great choice for developers.


15.  Scala

Scala, also known as Scalable language, is an object-oriented programming language that is famous for its functional programming approach. The multi-paradigm programming language is highly influenced by Java programming language. Developers can write code in Scala just like the way that they code Java.

Scala is concise, expressive, and highly scalable. Scala is a popular language among web development companies looking for building scalable and efficient applications. Scala is interoperable with JRE (Java Runtime Environment) and the .NET Framework.

It can combine object-oriented programming and functional programming, allowing developers to write code in a concise and type-safe manner. Furthermore, the expressive syntax, functional programming capabilities, and interoperability with Java have made it popular among developers working on complex and scalable applications.

Key Features:

  •         Object-oriented and functional
  •         Building web applications and services
  •         Type inference
  •         Writing back-end code for mobile apps
  •         Compatibility with Java
  •         Creating big data systems
  •         Developing distributed systems
  •         Researching functional programming
  •         Concise and expressive
  •         Scalable and efficient
  •         Large and active community


Scala is a popular choice for developers looking to leverage Java’s strengths while incorporating functional programming concepts.

Final Thoughts

These are the best programming languages for web development in 2024 that every developer should learn to move ahead in the development industry. The majority of tech companies and web development companies prefer to hire developers proficient in these famous programming languages. However, there are many AI tools for coding that can help programmers to write code fast and improve their efficiency. If you want to start your career in the development industry, start learning these programming languages for web development as they will stay in demand in the upcoming years.

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