You open a web browser, type a URL, click enter. The website loads quickly. You are astonished by the clean-layout with simple navigation. The pages are well-constructed and visually impressive.

The people who are responsible for this experience are web developers.

As of now, there are around 400 billion websites and counting. That makes things interesting for building, coding, analyzing, and maintaining those websites.

Websites are a critical part of any business. To be competitive, it is necessary to keep an eagle eye on the latest website development trends.

Web development can be categorized into three categories: Front-end development, Back-end, and full-stack development.

Do you need a glitch-free & easy-to-navigate website?

If you are a passionate website developer, HTML, JavaScript, and Python might be second-nature for you. But still, you don’t know which type of development you want to pursue. That’s why it is essential that you understand the frameworks under which you can quickly progress your career.

The year 2020 is around the corner, so it’s time to buckle up your seatbelts and get ready to master front and back-end web development frameworks to excel in the year 2020.

Backend Frameworks

Express

The rising popularity of Node.js has given Express an edge over other frameworks. The framework is quite popular among Uber, IBM, and Accenture. The great thing is that it is popular among frameworks like Sails, Loopback, and Kraken.

Express is known as the fastest and minimalistic framework. It consists of core framework functionality without leaving any Node features.

Although Express supports full application and is flexible, there is one drawback, which is there is no definite way to do things in Express. Or at least for beginners.

Django

To start with, Google, YouTube, and Instagram are developed in this framework. It is a model-view-template framework that uses Python language.

It is convention over configuration patterns along with a DRY pattern. A critical thing with Django framework is that it gives a plentiful number of tools and techniques for the developers to secure the website. This prevents execution of code in the template layer.

Rails

Rails is a Model-View-Controller framework that uses Ruby, and it’s a popular framework that is loved by many developers. Airbnb, GitHub, Hulu, and Shopify are primary users of Rails. Rails are considered a beginner-friendly framework, and the fact pros and cons are debated, helps beginners get started with web development quite quickly.

There are many useful gems for rails, which are library-like dependencies that extend the functionalities of your application and helps you develop even faster and more efficiently. The Rails community is quite reliable and friendly, and there are many tutorials, screencasts, and resources that can help you become a rails expert in no time.

The main disadvantage of rails lies in the fact that they take vigorous effort to deploy and run in a production environment, and the learning curve of rails becomes steep once you dive deeper into the framework to unravel the magic behind it.

Spring

The all-time popular framework uses Java. Websites like Wix, BillGuard, and TicketMaster were developed by using the Spring framework. Spring comprises various sister projects that allow you to improve the performance and scale your business fast. The fact that it uses Java shows that it is a framework used by professionals. The learning curve is quite steep, especially if you don’t know Java it will be difficult for you to use this framework.

Frontend Frameworks

Angular

Mostly used to develop single-page applications. Its versatility enables programmers to build complete client-side applications.

The Angular 1.x used JavaScript, but later it adopted Typescript, which is a superset of JavaScript. The most significant disadvantage of using the Angular framework is its size as compared to other frameworks. It is enormous plus it is not even SEO friendly by nature, although SEO can later be optimized. The angular framework was developed by Google which is now being used by Google, PayPal, and Microsoft.

Must Read: Angular vs React Comparison – Infographics

React

This is a frontend library which is considered as a framework by developers. React was the first to adopt the component-based architecture which was later implemented by Angular, Vue, and other frameworks. The virtual dom by React makes it possible to manipulate dom quickly. It is easy to understand thanks to JSX syntax. React can be used for both client-side and server-side. Developed by Facebook and is used by Facebook and Instagram.

Vue

Vue.js is the latest addition in the framework family. It started small but evolved into the most trending JS frameworks currently in the market. There are a couple of likable things by Vue. Firstly, it is a progressive framework, which means that if you are working on a project, you can quickly adapt Vue for a portion of the project and everything will run smoothly. Secondly, it has the component architecture that allows for things such as encapsulation, isolation, and reusability for a single or set of components.

Some people are cautious in using the Vue framework is not backed by Google. So, it is a risk to invest in this framework.

Ember

Ember was awarded as the best JavaScript framework in 2015. Today, its expansion is nothing new. The new features and regular updates make this framework one of the best and safest.

Ember holds two-way data binding that Angular boasts but comes with a vast feature-set that you can use out of the box. Companies like Microsoft, Google, Netflix, and Heroku are already using this framework. Ember utilizes the best JS practices to maximize the developer’s productivity and eliminate time-wasting insignificant activities.

Final Word

Just like every other blog, this is the end. If you want to pick a framework, don’t be afraid to do so. Just start working on it, and you’ll gain insights along the way. Once you adopt one framework, you’ll realize that there is not much difference in other frameworks, which makes it easy to switch. Keep in mind that big companies are always migrating and trying new things so that they don’t reach a dead end.

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